The Health Case for Fossil Fuel Taxes

Fiscal policies have previously been used to address the environmental impact of fossil fuels, but to date have not been framed in terms of their health impact. Fiscal instruments that target fossil fuel consumption are unique policy tools that can be implemented to improve public health. However, most interventions aimed at reducing fossil fuel combustion emphasize the environmental benefits while largely neglecting the public health benefits. Lessons from both health and environmental policy arenas may be harnessed to support fiscal policies for fossil fuels.

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